Why are my gums dark: 5 discoloration reasons


A beautiful smile is a sign of the health of its owner. It’s right-shaped, clean teeth and pale-pink gums. But what if the gums change color? What If you have noticed, spots and strange stains on it? What are these suspicious symptoms talking about and whether dark gums can be a norm option? You will find the answers in this article.

Reasons for Gum Discoloration

Normally, people of the European race have pale-pink gums; people with dark skin color have a brown shade on it, due to the extra melanin production. If the color of the gums changes, it is a signal of various diseases, even if they do not show up visibly. The most typical issue is that while turning black, gums lose it’s natural look and makes the person feels uncomfortable. Below you can find the list of this and other symptoms with possible reasons for it.

  • Pale gums: anemia and side effect of bleaching
  • Red gums color: inflammation
  • Bluish-gray and blue spots: drugs, poisoning
  • White spots: stomatitis, leukoplakia, thrush
  • Brown and black spots: smoking, diseases

Gums may be abnormally pale. This would not be a white color, but not a healthy pink. Anemia can be the cause of this problem; then the pallor will be associated with a decreased content of hemoglobin in the blood. Sometimes the gums become pale as a result of teeth whitening. This gum lightening side effect is a result of the whitening agent usage. It will disappear in a short period of time. The bright red color of the gums indicates an active inflammatory process. For example, it could be gingivitis. Bleeding is one more symptom which accompanies red gums. Local inflammation and bright red color occur while a problematic teething. Blue spots on the gums are the result of circulatory disorders. Some drugs can also change the color of the gums. The same will happen when a person is poisoned with salts of some metals. White patches on the gums may be symptoms of several pathologies. One of the most common diseases, when you can see white spots, is stomatitis. Oval or round sores have red edges and white or yellowish centers. When the disease progresses, the spots become brown and black. After recovery, they disappear.

Darkening Reasons

The question of how to lighten gums often disturbs people with brown and black spots on it. A dark color may appear because of the smoker’s melanosis. Changes in color occur with spots or darkening of the entire gingival surface, and the process can spread even to the inner part of the cheeks or the mucosa of the lower lip. The tooth enamel turns yellow or gray. The smoker feels an unpleasant smell and a bitter taste in his mouth. If a person quits smoking, then eventually his gums acquire a normal shade. Black gums around teeth can be a sign of caries. The darkened area can also be slightly swollen then. Addison’s disease is one of the reasons for a change in the color of the gums and oral mucosa, but this is a very rare case.

How to Lighten Dark Gums at Home

If you decide to take care of your gums and make sure that they are healthy, the best solution is to consult with a doctor. Of course, you can try to use medicinal herbs to reduce darkening. There are recipes of infusions with herbs such as sage, mint, lemon balm, and oregano. These components have an anti-inflammatory effect, however, the result of these measures for dark gums treatment is doubtful. Non-traditional medicine recommends the use of thyme, calamus root, chamomile, and sage. A decoction of these herbs can help anesthetize sick gums, relieve inflammation, strengthen tissues and eliminate bad breath. You have decided to try? Сonsult with your healthcare expert first.

Professional Black Gums Treatment

Have you heard about gum bleaching? This is the name of a cosmetic periodontal procedure of removing extra pigmentation and dark spots from the gums. There are 2 whitening solutions that can be used to create your renewed smile: a microdermabrasion process and a laser technique. The first solution is a traditional way of whitening. It usually takes less than an hour to complete. An expert removes the pigmented area of tissues and reveals the healthy, pale-pink tissue beneath. You won’t feel your dark gums turning pink because your mouth will be numbed to prevent any discomfort during the procedure. In laser depigmentation, a dental laser targets and ablates melanin-producing cells in the gums. While tissue is healing, your organism creates a naturally more light gum color. A good news is that a result of a procedure lasts for your entire lifetime! This way of how to make your gums pink will make you forget about creams, gels, and other remedies. The only things you will remember are your smile and the joy from its permanent beauty.