Periodontology 101- At a Glance Definitions
Tooth: This is a small, whitish structure that is found in the oral cavity. The tooth is the hardest structure in the human body and is used to breakdown food and for speech.
Gums: Gums are pinkish in color and are found inside of the mouth and cover the top of the teeth. They protect the teeth and tightly hold them in place.
Anatomy: Anatomy has roots from both the biological and medicinal fields and is the study of all living things. Typically this term generally refers to animal, plant and human studies.
Nerves: Nerves are corridors for signals to be transmitted from one part of the body to another. They are generally found in bunches of axons in the nervous system.
Periodontist: A periodontist is a certified DDS (dentist) who has 3-4 additional more years of education, specializing in tooth and gum conditions and diseases.
Implants: Implants are used to replace a missing tooth or teeth. They are typically made out of metal and resemble a tooth root to support a new tooth structure.
Periodontal Scaling: This procedure uses a scaler, (dental instrument) to remove tartar buildup from above the gum-line of the tooth.
Root Planing: This is a deep cleaning procedure that uses scaling to remove calcium and other bacterial build-ups from the teeth.
Dental Bone Grafting: This is a surgical procedure to repair and replace missing bone, using either the patient’s own bone from another area of the body or a synthetic material.
Sinus Lift: This is a surgical procedure to augment the bone in a person’s upper jaw.
Next, learn about gum disease.